Psoriasis is a skin disorder that is characterized by scaly red patches on the surface of the skin. These patches are extremely itchy and irritating. It is a chronic non-contagious disease and is more common in people suffering from diabetes, obesity and heart disease. Although it is said to be a result of environmental triggers, many doctors also think that it is due to rapid production of skin cells and this triggered by lymphocytes, (a type of white blood cells) which produce inflammatory chemicals.
Causes of Psoriasis
Although much is not known about the exact cause of psoriasis, most people with psoriasis get it genetically. The immune system also indulges in foul play if you have psoriasis in your genes. Your immune system is unable to protect you from the disease and instead it helps produce the inflammatory cells, further aggravating the problem.
If you are prone to get psoriasis, even a small injury such as bug bite, sunburn or a cut can aggravate the problem. Many infections such as tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia or flu can also trigger psoriasis. Various medications such as ant malarial medicines, blood pressure medicines and Lithium can worsen your skin disease.
Symptoms of Psoriasis
Parts of the body that are most prone to get affected by psoriasis include the elbows, knees, scalp, soles and palms of feet and torso but in severe cases, it can affect almost the entire body. The most common symptoms of psoriasis include red plaques of skin covered with scales. These patches are extremely painful and can be very itchy. In severe cases, they crack and start to bleed. They often grow and spread across large areas of the skin. Discoloration of nails and other disorders of the toenails and fingernails are also symptomatic of psoriasis.
Types of Psoriasis
Psoriasis is of the following four types:
- Pustular Psoriasis – In this type of psoriasis, tiny red scaly pustules are seen on the palms of feet and hands.
- Inverse Psoriasis – Bright red and shiny lesions are seen under the breasts, in the armpits and in the groin area. These lesions appear wherever the skin folds.
- Guttate Psoriasis – This type of psoriasis usually starts in the childhood or during teenage. Small red spots are seen on the limbs and the torso.
- Erythrodermic Psoriasis – In this type of psoriasis, the skin becomes fiery red and scales of skin shed periodically.
Research has shown that there is no complete cure for this uncomfortable disease but there are various therapies and remedies that can help to reduce the psoriasis and clear up the patchiness of the skin.
Here are 5 alternative remedies for Psoriasis:
- Baking soda and water- Just mix a teaspoon of baking soda in 4 teaspoons of water and use a sterilized cloth to apply it on the affected area. Leave it on your skin till it dries and falls on by itself. Baking soda helps to prevent infection by microorganisms like bacteria. It also helps to decrease the itchiness. Baking soda might burn a bit so it should not be applied to the groin area. You may also apply a little Vaseline on the skin afterwards to soothe it.
- Tea Tree Oil – Tea tree oil has been used to cure skin infections since many centuries. Native to Australia, tea tree oil is extracted from the leaves of the Melaleuca tree. Tea tree oil is said to possess anti-septic properties and hence it is an effective remedy for psoriasis. It helps to get rid of the dead skin cells. It also has anti-fungal, anti-microbial, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory and anti-viral properties and so it helps to relieve inflammation, redness and itching. It gets absorbed deeply in to the skin and also helps to lighten psoriasis scars.
- Oats – Oatmeal is known for its skin-soothing properties since a long time. In fact, it is believed to be one of the best natural soothers for the skin. It is very gentle on the skin and it helps to soothe the skin. It helps to repair itchy and dry skin and makes it look radiant. One of the best ways to use oatmeal for reducing psoriasis is to take an oatmeal bath. Take some organic oatmeal and wrap it in a muslin cloth. Now strain it under the tap and use this water to take a bath. You can also soak it in the bath tub and feel the moisturizing action of oatmeal.
- Dead sea salts – Bathing with mineral rich Dead Sea salts can help to relieve itching and burning caused due to psoriasis. Take a ¼ cup of Dead Sea salts and add them to your bath water. Soak in this warm salty water for about 15 minutes.
- Olive oil – The olive oil that you use for dressing your favorite salads can also help you to get some relief from psoriasis. It contains oodles of Vitamin E and fatty acids and hence it gets its anti-inflammatory properties. It helps to moisturize dry skin immensely. You can simply apply some olive oil to the affected area and soften the dead skin. The softened dead skin can then be removed with ease. Applying olive oil on scalp psoriasis is a very effective remedy to clear the scalp. You can also add 2 teaspoons of olive oil to your bath water and soak your entire body for a warm moisturizing bath.
Just use our home remedies to reduce psoriasis. You also need to take care of yourselves. When you’re suffering from psoriasis, make it a point to take a bath daily and keep your body clean. Use a soap that nourishes your skin. Keep your body moisturized by applying a good body lotion. Drink lots of water to stay hydrated. Eat a nutritionally adequate diet. Include lots of fresh green leafy vegetables and fruits in your diet. A gluten-free diet also helps to relieve symptoms of psoriasis. Limit your alcohol consumption. Avoid stress as this tends to aggravate psoriasis. You may try yoga or meditation to bring down your stress levels.